Developing the Littoral Gradient Atlas

Coastal land reclamation is one of the primary forms of global urban expansion. China is home to the world’s largest reclamation projects, where over the last 50 years it has reclaimed 13,380 km2 of land and expanded it coastline by almost 2,000 kilometers. This atlas showcases a range of coastal urban developments built on reclaimed land and how they change over time.

Research Team:

Fadi Masoud
Assistant Professor of Landscape Architecture and Urbanism
John H. Daniels Faculty of Architecture, Landscape, and Design - University of Toronto

Brent D. Ryan
Associate Professor of Urban Design and Public Policy
MIT’s Department of Urban Studies and Planning

Xi (Colleen) Qiu (PhD candidate)
MIT’s Department of Urban Studies and Planning

Xinhui Li, Caner Oktem, Ricardo Jnani Gonzalez, Xhulio Binjaku,
Sean Phillips, Brandon Peterson, Waishan Qiu